Question of the day: What do Napoleon Bonaparte, Voltaire, Goethe, Beethoven, Kaiser Wilhelm I, Mark Twain, Marlene Dietrich, Oscar Wilde, Indira Gandhi, and Princess Diana have in common?
Answer: They were all customers of Farina Eau De Cologne, the world-famous perfume that has been manufactured in Cologne since 1709. And the Farina Perfume Company building, now a Fragrance Museum, was one of the landmarks we passed by on our tour of Cologne during Day Five of our Rhine River Cruise from Basel to Amsterdam on the Avalon Felicity.
Our walk began on a wet and windy day along the Rhine near the Hohenzollern Bridge and continued past Great St Martin’s, one of the twelve famous Romanesque churches that can be found inside the medieval city walls of Cologne. We then wandered around the heart of the Innenstadt, passing several museums including the Farina 1709 building. We paused at the 13th century Rathaus (city hall) and at nearby archeological excavations of the ancient Jewish quarters. The tour ended outside Cologne’s crown jewel, the Cologne Cathedral (Kolner Dom), once the tallest and still one of the largest churches in the world, which we visited on our own for another hour or so. We then explored a portion of the neighborhood bordering the cathedral square (platz) before we headed back toward our ship, passing through walkways that connected two more sprawling museums before landing again on the Rhine walkway near the Felicity.
Cologne’s Hohenzollern Bridge.
Our first view of the Cologne Cathedral.
The Great St Martin’s Church, one of the Twelve Romanesque Churches in Cologne.
Fountain in the Fishmarket Square.
Window display of Cologne’s annual carnival regalia.
Our tour guide explaining the city’s coat of arms.
The famous conversation between Tunnes and Schal.
They say that you will get one free wish if you rub the nose of Tunnes.
Cologne’s Rathaus, built in the 13th century, looks more like a church than a city hall.
Monument near the city hall.
Excavating the ancient Jewish quarters.
Giovanni Maria Farina began manufacturing his Eau De Cologne in 1709. The Farina family still owns the company and this building, now a Fragrance Museum.
We walked in a circle and came back to the city hall where a wedding celebration was going on.
Some of the archeological excavation was right next to the city hall.
Another view of the city hall.
Lots of construction on this side of the Ludwig Museum.
Our tour ended when we reached the square of the great cathedral (Kolner Dom).
The cathedral was the tallest building in the world when it was completed in 1880, an honor it held until the Washington Monument was completed in 1884. It was still the tallest church in the world until the Ulm Munster was completed in 1888.
A thousand people were walking around the square when the wind picked up and the rain began. And suddenly 982 people disappeared.
An hour later it was still windy but the rain had stopped and the living statues returned to the square.
The Romisch-Germanisches Museum adjoins the south side of the square.
The walkways allow you to see many of the museum displays.
More museum exhibits.
And still more.
Like most of the cities we have visited in the past week, Cologne began as a Roman camp 2,000 years ago.
The Ludwig modern art Museum is next to the Roman-German Museum.
Art between the two museums.
Another view of the spider hanging from the boy’s long nose.
Sculpture outside the Ludwig Museum.
Back to the square to look around the area northwest of the cathedral.
One of many living statues.
Another living statue braves the wind.
St. Andreas Church, another of the 12 Romanesque Churches, is just two blocks from the cathedral.
The Jesuit Church, one block from the cathedral, was built in the 17th century. It has some Romanesque and Gothic features but is mostly Baroque.
Back to the square to catch some Scottish bagpipes.
Better weather brings out more people.
The cathedral’s east side.
The walkway back to the Rhine past the museums.
My last shot of the cathedral.
Statue of Friedrich Wilhelm III near the central railroad station.
Back to the Hohenzollern Bridge.
Tomorrow I will post some photos I took inside the Cologne Cathedral.